Chapter 6: Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof

I. Our first parents being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned in eating the forbidden fruit.[a] This their sin God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory.[b]

[a] Gen. 3:13. 2 Cor. 11:3.
[b] Rom. 11:32.

II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness, and communion with God,[c] and so became dead in sin,[d] and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.[e]

[c] Gen. 3:6-8. Eccl. 7:29. Rom. 3:23.
[d] Gen. 2:17. Eph. 2:1.
[e] Tit. 1:15. Gen. 6:5. Jer. 17:9. Rom. 3:10-18.

III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed,[f] and the same death in sin and corrupted nature conveyed to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation.[g]

[f] Gen. 1:27,28 and Gen. 2:16,17 and Acts 17:26 with Rom. 5:12,15-19 and 1 Cor. 15:21,22,49.
[g] Ps. 51:5. Gen. 5:3. Job 14:4. Job 15:14.

IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good,[h] and wholly inclined to all evil,[i] do proceed all actual transgressions.[k]

[h] Rom. 5:6. Rom. 8:7. Rom. 7:18. Col. 1:21.
[i] Gen. 6:5. Gen. 8:21. Rom. 3:10-12.
[k] James 1:14,15. Eph. 2:2,3. Matt. 15:19.

V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated:[l] and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.[m]

[l] 1 John 1:8,10. Rom. 7:14,17,18,23. James 3:2. Prov. 20:9. Eccl. 7:20.
[m] Rom. 7:5,7,8,25. Gal. 5:17.

VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto,[n] doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner,[o] whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God,[p] and curse of the law,[q] and so made subject to death,[r] with all miseries spiritual,[s] temporal,[t] and eternal.[u]

[n] 1 John 3:4.
[o] Rom. 2:15. Rom. 3:9,19.
[p] Eph. 2:3.
[q] Gal. 3:10.
[r] Rom. 6:23.
[s] Eph. 4:18.
[t] Rom. 8:20. Lam. 3:39.
[u] Matt. 25:41. 2 Thess. 1:9.